What is Albuterol used for?
Generic Albuterol inhaler provides short-term (4-6 hours) bronchodilation with a rapid onset (within 5 minutes) for reversible airway obstruction.
The medicine is particularly effective in relieving and preventing asthma symptoms. Albuterol should be used to relieve symptoms when they occur, as well as to prevent them in those circumstances that the patient believes may provoke an asthma attack.
For example, the medication may be taken before exercise or unavoidable exposure to an allergen. The drug may also be used as an analgesic for mild, moderate, or severe asthma, provided that dependence on it does not delay administration and use of regular therapy with inhaled corticosteroids.
How does an inhaler work?
Albuterol belongs to a group of drugs known as adrenergic bronchodilators. Adrenergic bronchodilators are drugs that are inhaled by mouth to open the airways and bronchi. The drug's spectrum of action relieves symptoms of coughing, wheezing, shortness of breath, and difficulty breathing.
The action of the drug increases the flow of air through the bronchi. The action of Albuterol generic is aimed at relaxing the muscles around the airways. Due to this, the lungs and airways open up, and the patient breathes easier.
The drug belongs to the class of drugs of rapid action. That is, the active ingredient is delivered quickly and the symptoms of the disease stop within a short time.
How long does Albuterol stay in your system?
The drug is half eliminated from your body within 6 hours (half-life of the substance). This means that in six hours, the drug will be half eliminated from your body.
Normally, it takes five half-lives for the drug to be completely eliminated from your body so that your body is completely cleared of the drug. After taking the drug, it will stay in your body for about 30 hours.
Albuterol for cough
The medicine can be used for diseases accompanied by cough and stuffy nose. Such illnesses can be caused by colds, bronchitis and other respiratory diseases.
The drug works by liquefying and loosening mucus in the airways, eliminating congestion and making breathing easier. Albuterol cough medicine is not usually used for persistent cough due to smoking or long-term respiratory problems.
Children from 6 to 12 years old
Children 6 to 12 years of age are recommended to take 4 mg twice a day - 12 hours apart.
Adults and children over 12 years old
The dosage for adults is 8 mg twice a day (after 12 hours). For some patients, a dosage of 4 mg twice a day is sufficient.
Dosage adjustment for children from 6 to 12 years of age
Patients who have not observed the desired effect of taking the drug in the standard recommended dosage may increase the amount of the drug under the strict supervision of the attending physician. The maximum dosage of the drug in such a case is 24 mg per day (in several doses).
Dosage adjustment for adults and children 12 years of age and older
In unusual circumstances, i.e., in adults of low body weight, a starting dose of 4 mg every 12 hours and up to 8 mg every 12 hours may be desirable, depending on the body's response to the drug.
The treating physician may increase the maximum dose to 32 mg per day in several doses if necessary.
How often can you take Albuterol?
For adult patients, it is recommended to take two injections every 4-6 hours. For children, the maximum frequency of drug intake is determined by the attending physician. When preventing bronchospasm before physical activity, the drug should be taken before training or sports activities (15-30 minutes).
Albuterol inhaler: max dose per day
The maximum dose is determined by your doctor, depending on the degree of illness and individual characteristics of the patient. The recommended maximum dosage of Breathing treatment medicine Albuterol is 4-6 doses (puffs) per day with a break of 4-6 hours.
An overdose of the drug can be fatal. If you exceed the dosage of the drug, be sure to call an ambulance and inform the attending physician to prevent negative consequences.
If you missed taking the pill?
If you use Albuterol regularly and miss a dose, use it as soon as you remember to skip your medication. If you remember to take the medication at a time when you need to take your next dose, you should not double the amount of medication.
The use of the drug is not recommended for patients who have:
- ketoacidosis (condition of the body in which sugar is not adequately used in the metabolic process);
- thyroid problems (increased activity);
- high blood pressure;
- low levels of potassium in the body;
- excessive levels of oxygen in the blood;
- decreased blood flow in the heart arteries.
Albuterol: side effects in elderly
Albuterol side effects in elderly include the following body reactions: nervousness, dizziness, tremors (tremor), headache, nausea, dry mouth/throat. Irritation or an unusual taste in the mouth may also occur.
In addition, the drug may affect the increase in blood pressure. In rare cases, the drug may cause a sudden worsening of breathing/asthma problems (paradoxical bronchospasm) and an allergic reaction.
Albuterol inhaler: price
The cost of the drug depends on the dosage of the active ingredient and the brand name of the drug manufacturer. The price of the drug also depends on the pharmacy where you order Albuterol.
Does Albuterol raise blood pressure?
Usually the use of Albuterol does not cause an increase in blood pressure. However, elderly patients and people with hypertension may experience high blood pressure.
If you notice that your blood pressure is higher than usual, you should always see your doctor. Do not put off going to the doctor if you experience any side effects from taking the medicine.read more